Change of Land Material Use

A list of current land class uses for England under the Use Classes Order 1987.  Identify the land class your property sits under or if you want to change your land class, define what class you need.

USE CLASSES ORDER 1987

SCHEDULE


CLASS A1: SHOPS

Use for all or any of the following purposes:

a. for the retail sale of goods other than hot food,

b. as a post office,

c. for the sale of tickets or as a travel agency,

d. for the sale of sandwiches or other cold food for consumption off the premises,

e. for hairdressing,

f. for the direction of funerals,

g. for the display of goods for sale,

h. for the hiring out of domestic or personal goods or articles,

i. for the washing or cleaning of clothes or fabrics on the premises,

j. for the reception of goods to be washed, cleaned or repaired, where the sale, display or services is to visiting members of the public,

k. Internet Cafes

Class A1 EXCLUDES amusement arcades, amusement centres and funfairs. Paragraphs (i) and (j) do not permit launderettes, but do include dry cleaners. Motor fuel, motor vehicles and car hire are also excluded.

 

CLASS A2: FINANCIAL & PROFESSIONAL SERVICES

Use for the provision of:

a. financial services, or

b. professional services (other than health or medical services),or

c. any other services (including use as a betting office) which is appropriate to provide in a shopping area,

-         where the services are provided principally to visiting members of the public.

 

 

CLASS A3: RESTAURANTS AND CAFES

This new class is designed specifically for restaurants and cafés, i.e. places where the primary purpose is the sale and consumption of food and light refreshments on the premises.

A restaurant, snack bar, bistro, specialist restaurant, whose trade is primarily in-house dining but which has ancillary bar use will be in Class A3. Where the pub or bar activity is a minor component of the business and will not affect environmental amenity, it will treated as ancillary to the primary (restaurant) use of the premises. Such matters will be decided on the basis of fact and degree in each case.

 

Premises in the A3 class have a permitted change of use to both the A1: Shops and A2: Financial/Professional services use class but not to any other use class.

 

CLASS A4: DRINKING ESTABLISHMENTS

The new A4 Drinking Establishments class is the second of three new classes replacing the former A3: Food and Drink class. It caters specifically for pubs and bars, i.e. places where the primary purpose is the sale and consumption of alcoholic drink on the premises.

Premises in this category have a permitted change of use to the new A3: restaurant and cafe premises, as well as to both the A1: Shops and A2: Financial & Professional Services uses.

 

CLASS A5: HOT FOOD TAKEAWAYS

The A5 class is the last of the newly-created classes from the former Food and Drink class. It caters specifically for takeaways and fast-food premises, i.e. premises where the existing primary purpose is the sale of hot food to take away.

 

Takeaways are differentiated from restaurants because they raise different environmental issues, such as litter, longer opening hours, and extra traffic and pedestrian activity, from those generally raised by A3: Restaurant and Café uses. With A3 uses, any takeaway food sold on an ancillary basis is usually taken home for consumption.

 

CLASS B1: BUSINESS

Use for all or any of the following purposes:

a. as an office other than a use within class A2 (financial & professional services),

b. for research and development of products or processes, or

c. for any industrial process,

being a use which can be carried out in any residential area without detriment to the amenity of that area by reason of noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke, soot, ash, dust, or grit.

 

CLASS B2: GENERAL INDUSTRIAL

Use for the carrying on of an industrial process other than one falling within class B1 above.

 

CLASS B8: STORAGE & DISTRIBUTION

Use for storage or as a distribution centre.

 

CLASS C1: HOTELS

Use as a hotel or as a boarding or guesthouse where, in each case, no significant element of care is provided.

 

CLASS C2: RESIDENTIAL INSTITUTIONS

Use for the provision of residential accommodation and care to people in need of care (other than those within class C3 (dwelling houses)).

Use as a hospital or nursing home.

Use as a residential school, college or training centre.

'Care' is defined as:

'Personal care of people in need of such care by reason of age, disablement, past or present dependence on alcohol or drugs or past or present mental disorder, and in class C2 also includes the personal care of children and medical care and treatment'.

 

CLASS C2A: SECURE RESIDENTIAL INSTITUTION

Use for a provision of secure residential accommodation, including use as a prison, young offenders institution, detention centre, secure training centre, custody centre, short term holding centre, secure hospital, secure local authority accommodation or use as a military barracks.

 

CLASS C3: DWELLINGHOUSES

Use as a dwellinghouse (whether or not as a sole or main residence),

a. by a single person or by people living together as a family, or

b. by not more than six residents living together as a single household (including a household where care is provided for residents).

This use class clarifies the position where unrelated people occupy a house as a single household; e.g. students, or group homes for the disabled.

 

CLASS C4: HMO

Your property is an HMO if you let (or plan to let) to at least three tenants who form more than one household and who share (or will share) toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities. If so, you may need a licence.  For more information on apply for a HMO license click here

 

CLASS D1: NON-RESIDENTIAL INSTITUTIONS

Any use not including a residential use:

a. for the provision of any medical or health services except the use of premises attached to the residence of the consultant or practitioner,

b. as a crèche, day nursery or day centre,

c. for the provision of education,

d. for the display of works of art (otherwise than for sale or hire)

e. as a museum,

f. as a public library or public reading room,

g. as a public hall or exhibition hall,

h. for, or in connection with, public worship or religious instruction.

 

CLASS D2: ASSEMBLY & LEISURE

Use as:

a. a cinema,

b. a concert hall,

c. a bingo hall or casino,

d. a dance hall, a swimming bath, skating rink, gymnasium or area for other indoor or outdoor sports or recreations, not involving motorised vehicles or firearms.

 

SUI GENERIS USES

Theatres, houses in multiple paying occupation, hostels providing no significant element of care, scrap yards. Petrol filling stations and shops selling and/or displaying motor vehicles. Retail warehouse clubs, nightclubs, launderettes, dry cleaners, taxi businesses, amusement centres. Casinos.


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